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Distressed Sales Accounted for 9 Percent of Homes Sold Nationally in July 2015

REO and Short Sales Share Percentages Decrease Year Over Year

Molly Boesel    |    Mortgage Performance

  • Distressed sales were 9.4 percent of total sales in July 2015, with REO Sales making up 6.1 percent of total sales
  • Florida had the largest share of distressed sales at 20.7 percent
    Of the largest Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs), Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. had the largest share of
  • distressed sales at 23.8 percent

Distressed sales, which comprise real estate-owned properties (REOs) and short sales, accounted for 9.4 percent of total home sales nationally in July 2015, down 2.1 percentage points from July 2014 and down 0.4 percentage points from June 2015.

Within the distressed category, REO sales accounted for 6.1 percent and short sales made up 3.3 percent of total home sales in July 2015. The REO sales share was the lowest since September 2007 when it was 5.2 percent. The short sales share fell below 4 percent in mid-2014 and has remained in the 3-4 percent range since then. At its peak in January 2009, distressed sales totaled 32.4 percent of all sales, with REO sales representing 27.9 percent of that share. The ongoing shift away from REO sales is a driver of improving home prices since bank-owned properties typically sell at a larger discount than short sales. There will always be some level of distress in the housing market, and by comparison, the pre-crisis share of distressed sales was traditionally about 2 percent. If the current year-over-year decrease in the distressed sales share continues, it would reach that “normal” 2-percent mark in mid-2019.

Florida had the largest share of distressed sales of any state at 20.7 percent1 in July 2015, followed by Maryland (20.6 percent), Michigan (20.2 percent), Connecticut (19.1 percent) and Illinois (18.9 percent). Nevada had a 6.4 percentage point drop in its distressed sales share from a year earlier, the largest decline of any state. California had the largest improvement of any state from its peak distressed sales share, falling 58.6 percentage points from its January 2009 peak of 67.4 percent. While some states stand out as having high distressed sales shares, only North Dakota and the District of Columbia are close to their pre-crisis numbers (within one percentage point).

Of the 25 largest CBSAs based on loan count, Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. had the largest share of distressed sales at 23.8 percent, followed by Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (22.3 percent), Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (22.3 percent), Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, Ill. (21.7 percent) and Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Md. (21 percent). Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. had the largest year-over-year drop in its distressed sales share, falling by 6.6 percentage points from 19.8 percent in July 2014 to 13.2 percent in July 2015. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. had the largest overall improvement in its distressed sales share from its peak value, dropping from 76.3 percent in February 2009 to 11.7 percent in July 2015.

[1] The distressed sales share for states and CBSAs listed in this report was calculated using sales from the past 12 months.

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